England Travel Guide

England Travel Guide

Quaint towns, rich history, age-old traditions and some of the greenest hills and gardens that you will ever see. England is an incredible country to explore.
Most visitors will head straight to the country’s capital, London. However there are many other places to visit in England. From exploring the Roman baths in Bath to the wonder of Stonehenge and the magnificent University of Oxford.
Our England travel guide is packed with the best England travel tips and everything that you need to know about traveling this fairytale land!

About England

England is part of the United Kingdom, along with Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is the largest of the four nations, as well as the most populated. The country is mostly surrounded by water with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west.
The country has been stereotyped as being cold, grey and rainy. However, temperatures rarely get extremely cold and while the country does get a fair bit of rain, it’s not as wet as most would think. London has fairly mild weather compared to the rest of the country, with a lower annual rainfall than other major cities like Paris, New York and Sydney. The northern and western parts of England are much wetter than the rest of the country. It’s good to be aware that the weather in England can vary greatly from day to day and just because it is summer doesn’t mean it will be warm.
The currency in England is the Pound Sterling (£), this is used across the UK with each country having their own notes. The Pound Sterling is made up of 100 pence. Coins come in 1 pence, 2 pence, 5 pence, 10 pence, 20 pence, 50 pence, £1 and £2 denominations and notes in £5, £10, £20 and £50 denominations.
The population is generally quite multicultural, especially in the larger cities. London in particular is an extremely international city, home to people from around the world.
England has a great network of public transport, including the famous Underground in London. The entire country is well connected with trains as well as bus routes - making it easy to travel between cities. It is also relatively easy to hire a car and drive yourself around.

Best places to visit in England

While it may be small, the country packs a lot of scenery into its shores - from green fields and hills to cliffs, plains, ancient woodland and lush forests. England can generally be divided into three broad sections. Each featuring their own historical and linguistic roots. The main regions include:

  • Southern England - This includes the capital city of both England and the UK, London - the global capital of finance, fashion and culture. There is also South East England which includes the area around and south of London (including the English Channel). West Country also falls into this section, featuring the peninsula extending southwest into the Atlantic and adjoining counties.
  • Midlands - This area is roughly the part of England east of Wales and across to the North Sea. It includes East of England (mostly rural areas northeast of London), East Midlands (the center of England) and West Midlands (industrial and rural area east of Wales).
  • Northern England - This includes anywhere north of Staffordshire in the west and north of the Humber river in the east. It includes Yorkshire, North West England and North East England. The accents are thick and the weather is cold and wet up in the north!

London is by far the most visited and most touristy city in England. However, there are a few other England cities to consider visiting. Other cities in England include Birmingham, Bristol, Brighton, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham, Newcastle upon Tyne and York. There are also many great towns and villages worth exploring for their storybook like architecture and homely atmosphere.
For nature lovers, some of the best places in England to visit include one of the 10 national parks scattered throughout the country. Some include The Broads National Park, Dartmoor National Park and Lake District National Park.

England Tourist Attractions:

Historical landmarks are among the greatest attractions in England. A few of the most notable include:

  • Hadrian's Wall
  • Isles of Scilly
  • Lake District National Park
  • New Forest National Park
  • North York Moors National Park
  • Peak District National Park
  • South Downs National Park
  • Stonehenge
  • Yorkshire Dales National Park
  • The Cotswolds
  • Seven Sisters Chalk Cliffs

Things to do in England

With so many places to visit in England and so many things to do, it is hard to decide what to pack into your England itinerary. We’re here to help with a few great England experiences to consider.
England travel tip: It’s often more convenient to base yourself in a regional city and take day trips to the National Parks and smaller towns.
When in London, include a day of sightseeing to include the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, St Paul’s Cathedral, Big Ben, the London Eye and Buckingham Palace. It’s also a great idea to make some time for the incredible museums and galleries in the city - including the Natural History Museum, British Museum and the Tate Modern. There’s also many beautiful public parks and gardens to enjoy throughout the city.
For Harry Potter fans, attractions include Alnwick Castle, King’s Cross Station in London, Gloucester Cathedral, Claremont Square, Leadenhall Market, University of Oxford and Warner Bros Studio in London.
England has many great places for walking. The Lake District and the Peak District are known for their more serious walks while The Pennine Way and Coast to Coast walk are the most popular long-distance walks.
Another great attraction in England is the many festivals held during the summer months. The most famous being Glastonbury festival. Football lovers can also get tickets to watch a live game featuring their favourite football club.

Best time to visit England

There are two great times to visit England - over Christmas or during summer. England turns into a magical wonderland during December every year. With streets lined with Christmas lights and decorations, vibrant Christmas markets, winter wonderland outdoor ice rinks, carol singers and just general Christmas cheer all round.
If you aren’t a fan of the cold weather though, then the best time to visit England is during the summer months. From June to August, the sun comes out and the country comes alive again after a long and dark winter. London summer is in full swing - with rooftop bars, open-air theatres, and pop-up bars along the Thames.

Food in England

England has a variety of eating options, with everything from cheap supermarket ready-made meals to takeaways and some of the best fine-dining restaurants. You will find a range of cuisines from around the world as well as traditional English fare.
You absolutely have to pop into a few pubs while in England to enjoy a pint or two and some traditional English grub. Typical pub menus will include fish and chips and pies with gravy. Another favourite is the Sunday roast dinner - which usually includes roast lamb, roast potatoes, vegetables, yorkshire pudding and gravy.
For something a bit fancier, there’s always the option to enjoy a traditional High Tea with sandwiches, tarts and fresh scones. You can also start your day off with a Full English Breakfast - usually featuring fried bacon, fried eggs, fried sausages, fried bread, fried black pudding (blood sausage), mushrooms, scrambled eggs, baked beans in tomato sauce, and toast and butter.
There are many award-winning, Michelin star restaurants throughout the bigger cities in England. London in particular has a flourishing restaurant scene! Though, eating out at high-quality restaurants can be quite expensive.

England travel tips

England is a diverse and exhilarating destination to explore. There are however a few England travel tips to keep in mind when planning a trip to England.

  • Unsurprisingly, English is the official language in England.
  • England is one of the safest countries in the world, with low crime rates. However, it is always advisable to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings.
  • The plugs in England are type G. The current is 240v AC. North American appliances will need a transformer and adaptor; those from Europe, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand only need an adaptor.
  • Nationals from the United States, Canada or Australia don’t need to apply for a tourist visa before traveling to the UK. Visas, usually up to six months, will be granted on entry. EU nationals do not need a visa, while many other nationals will need to apply for a visa before entering into the UK.
  • From the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October, the UK is on GMT+1 – known as “British Summer Time” (BST). For the rest of the year, it follows GMT.
  • England is a parliamentary democracy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state.
  • England is expensive, make sure to properly plan your budget for your trip and stick within your means when booking accommodation.
  • Municipal art galleries and museums often have free admission, as do the big state museums (British Museum, National Gallery, National Railway Museum, Royal Armouries and many others). You can also find many other free things to do in England.

Join us on our England & Wales woman-only tour where we experience the best of London - including afternoon tea at the Wallace Collection and a cruise along the River Thames - along with visiting popular England tourist attractions like Stonehenge, Bath and Shakespeare’s birthplace, among many others.